Elephants have a short mating season, which the female elephant will separate from their group.The smell of the female in hot weather or in the season of pairing will attract males, and also use signals to attract the other. Due to female elephants run faster than males, so the female elephant does not need to be paired with every male elephant.
A female elephant has the right to choose their partner. The male elephant will start a flirtation with the female until the female ignores them, then the elephant will show affection in terms of touching with their nose, holding a trunk, and placing its trunk in the other elephant’s mouth.
Female elephants will choose a partner, which each flirtation may have 20-30 minutes.